Amazon VPC comprises a variety of objects that will be familiar to customers with existing networks:
⦁ A Virtual Private Cloud (VPC): A logically isolated virtual network in the AWS cloud. You define a VPC’s IP address space from a range you select.
⦁ Subnet: A segment of a VPC’s IP address range where you can place groups of isolated resources.
⦁ Internet Gateway: The Amazon VPC side of a connection to the public Internet.
⦁ NAT Gateway: A highly available, managed Network Address Translation (NAT) service for your resources in a private subnet to access the Internet.
⦁ Hardware VPN Connection: A hardware-based VPN connection between your Amazon VPC and your datacenter, home network, or co-location facility.
⦁ Virtual Private Gateway: The Amazon VPC side of a VPN connection.
⦁ Customer Gateway: Your side of a VPN connection.
⦁ Router: Routers interconnect subnets and direct traffic between Internet gateways, virtual private gateways, NAT gateways, and subnets.
⦁ Peering Connection: A peering connection enables you to route traffic via private IP addresses between two peered VPCs.
⦁ VPC Endpoint for S3: Enables Amazon S3 access from within your VPC without using an Internet gateway or NAT, and allows you to control the access using VPC endpoint polic
⦁ Egress-only Internet Gateway: A stateful gateway to provide egress only access for IPv6 traffic from the VPC to the Internet.